10 Basic Photography  Composition Rules That Will Improve Your Photos
Reading Time: 5 minutes

Sometimes you noticed after shooting a photo is not so great that might really disappoint you finally. It is normal that you picture scope the moments before to shoot in your mind. However, an output shows the difference from that. It can happen that the image is blurred, too light - or too little - that the angle is not right or you try to cover so many elements that the frame is insufficient for all to appear.

Therefore, some of my guidelines can help you to improve when you take the camera and make the most utilize of your resources:

1. The position

It seems pointless, but the first step to getting a good picture is to be contented. The vast majority of the sharpness faults in the photographs are not caused by problems with the lens, but rather by problems when holding the camera at the time of shooting.

The key is reduce shaking when you taking a picture from your position. Reduce the risk of moving out are key success for this issue. In addition, sharpness of any photo depends on the shutter speed. It can be achieved by varying the speed.  Because when the shutter stays open longer (seeking more light in the camera), there is a greater probability of movement during shooting.

If you want to reduce the shakes in photography, you can try to use your camera body with a support (such as a tripod), holding the camera with both hands and supporting it against the eyebrows or forehead (so that it has 3 points support). In addition, to improve the position and avoid instability, try to have the arms as close to the body as possible and your photograph is clear.

At present, technology makes this problem much easier. You can use remote shutter button that can communicate by Wi-Fi, IR & Bluetooth. Positon your camera on tripod then release remote button without pressing camera’s shutter button. It is a great for newbie & for professional who needs long exposure moments.

2. The Composition

It is very interesting to play with the elements that surrounded in your subject naturally. The composition is one of the simplest techniques of photography, whose greatest difficulty is to find what we are going to use as the second landscape behind the scene or our subject. To make it look symmetrical and uniform in the full image.

However, the result is usually rather surprising. In cinematography one of the basic rules is basically use the frames of the doors and the windows for it, but as a photographer can use almost anything: a bridge, a crack in the wall, a tube of work ...

3. Look for the little things

Once you get to the rhythm of seeing the world through the photographic lens, you have to learn to see the small details of things. Elements that may go unnoticed by anyone, but that has most importance in a photograph, even same thing is works in a painting the most key element.

Therefore, it can happen that a light bulb in the dark becomes the character of a snapshot. On the other hand, an insect has a close-up or that an airplane transmits something.

4. Let an element, guide the eye

Playing with what we see that surroundings of us. Which turns a photograph into a small work of art. For this, it is necessary to count on the imaginary lines that are drawn in the composition: guide lines, vanishing points, etc. An interesting help is create the diagonals and triangles when the perspective is changed (not a frontal photograph, but from below, on one side ...) and give dynamic tension to what we are framing. It should be left, sometimes, that elements that appear in the same photograph (buildings, roads, roads ...) guide the view of the viewer without it being noticed.

5. Textures

It can be something gives small details in the photograph to create more strength.  That makes you appreciate in composition. It can differ between a professional and an amateur photograph. Any one must always try to capture the maximum possible of combination: the roughness of an old wall and chipped by time, the wrinkles on the skin of an old man ...

6. Frame: empty or full

As it says, Each Photograph is a world.

That is why, these strategies try to make you how to improve each shot with your camera. You have to take into account what you are going to take in every shoot.

Sometimes it is convenient to fill the whole frame to get a close-up and no other element detracts from your subject. Other times you have to know how to take advantage of the void that is generate on the side of photography (sometimes says more that Does not appear to do so).

The most important thing in these cases, however, is in the focus. Although it is, something basic of vital importance. You can play with it too, but always keeping in mind what you want to deliver.

7. Minimalism

If we shoot different subjects and elements in a single image, the feeling that ends up overloaded. These facts loose the details what you want to deliver. As we include large number of things in a single photo. Therefore, sometimes it is better to adjust to the simplicity of a single element and not get lost in complications.

8. Make a simple photo something you do not expect

It is not enough; always focus on the typical photos. We must go further: take a 180º turn to what we see. Take two elements that might not be relate in a normal way. However, together they have a global meaning in the picture. I may give you some basic rules, but it is you, who can change the way of looking to get good results.

9. Space rule

Sometimes, it is often important for the image to flow the direction. You may experience, elements or subject appears in image moves from left to right. This happen for perceived from Western culture. As we our reading order (top to bottom and left to right). So, during shoot any photos with this basis (element is moving to the side) you must leave some space in the direction you are moving. You have to leave space for it to move as well.

10. Imaginary lines

In photography, there are certain mathematical rules for getting perfect photograph. One of them is that of symmetry. The importance of the snapshot would lie in balancing the element to be photographed.

Another is the rule of thirds, in which the image is divided into 9 by 2 vertical lines and two horizontal lines. That divide the image into equal frames. This technique serves to frame the main element of the photograph in two third of the pictures (and not only in the central one) or in one of the angles that form these.

Similar to this we have the golden triangles, in which the image has to be divided into 3 triangles dividing the image with a line that leads from the upper right corner to the lower left and another from the lower right to the aforementioned line.

If you want to know more basic rules about posture when taking photographs I recommend this article. Also, if you know this world well and consider that, apart from these, there are other basic rules of photography do not hesitate to inform me.


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