It is not wise to invest money in a good SLR camera if you don’t know the basic rules of photography. Otherwise, getting more unsuccessful photos, ugly and disastrous, one after another, due to naive oversights. Because you break the rules that every photographer care. Today I bring you a series of tips and basic rules of photography, which you can take right photos of those that satisfy the eye 🙂 finally, making them remarkable. At least the rules will be on your side.
Basic Rules of Photography
Beautiful photos not only require a great task, but you need to know the basic rules of photography to shoot them. Consider the tips of these professionals and take advantage to test them.
Photography is the most widespread hobby among people of all ages, but something difficult to master. In order to be able to take good pictures, it is not just about having a good side, or perception. That is why below some tips that great photographers like Geoff Tompkinson, Steve Mccurry, Timothy Hogan, Christian Aslund, Jeremy Cowart, Janae Shields, Michael Kenna, Ansel Adams and many others legendary photographers bring you closer to succeed in this art.
One of the trends that has generated digital photography is the desire to take numerous photos constantly, but this will resulted only a great flow of low quality photos. It is important to wait for the perfect capture and take your time to analyze the mistakes you make. Always keep in mind a good photograph is like an art.
You will not always get perfect conditions to photograph, as in the case of sunset where colors and lights change quickly. You need to be flexible and adapt the camera settings to light changes. Whenever you take, photos make sure you do not always take the same perspective, but vary even slightly the position or settings of the camera.
Know and handle camera settings
This is essential to get great results in time. Controlling the opening of the diaphragm, the shutter time ... is more than theory; you need to know your camera deeply and above all things play with him! The main adjustments factors you should know are the focus, depth of field and exposure.
Approach without fear of subjects
Learn the Macro function of your camera (in automatic mode you can identify it with a flower symbol, and in SLR cameras using a Macro lens) and take close-up pictures of small objects. Capture details. You could even focus exclusively on detail by ignoring the rest of the object. The results are usually very striking.
Learn to use the right lens
Not all objectives are for all possible situations in which you can encounter a camera, so it is crucial to know how to pick them. In scenes with low light are better fixed optics, in space photography is better to use a wide angle and to capture distant objects is better the telephoto.
Use the flash on the outside
For portraits, use the flash on the outside. Even if it makes a particularly sunny day, the flash helps prevent shadow areas that occupy the person's face by wearing. For example, a hat or something those projects shade or because the sun is on or behind the person photographed. Best to avoid it to charging the flash. It is called a fill flash, and its purpose is not to illuminate the darkness, but to fill the face of the light subject so that it is uniform with what surrounds it.
Always shoot in RAW
Shoot all your photos in RAW. This format preserves all the elements of the photo (colors, light, shadows, saturation) and allows, through further processing, to move them at our whim. Taking a photo in JPG produces a final photo in which we would not have more margin of modification. (More Shooting RAW vs JPEG is a question here).
Always remember to carry batteries and cards as spare
A rule of thumb, since running out of battery or card space in a session is unforgivable. It is important that before you go out think about what you should carry, and consider making a backup of the hard drive by any doubts.
Use the tripod
This element is key to low light photography. The tripod improves the stability of the camera, improves the sharpness of the images and the focus in times of long exposure. The remote shutter is a good idea to prevent the camera from moving when you press the button.
Look for simplicity in your composition
Sometimes you want to be so faithful to reality that you include too many objects and generate the opposite effect. Try to be simple, that's always a wise move. The landscapes must be simple and respect the horizon line and if you accompany it with an object in the foreground, the better.
Approach the subjects
When you photograph people, approach them. Not only is it a good portrait, but you can also absorb the reality of the place and generate shocking situations in photography. This way you will better capture your personality and tell a unique story.
Power your creativity
The "eye of the photographer" is essential: Try to different angles and perspectives when you have a camera with flip-down screen. Do not be afraid to photograph in bright light spaces because you can get great results, and finally preview the place for different or creative perspectives.
Explore new angles
Experience photography by shooting with your camera from daring and unusual angles. For example, take a picture of yourself in the rearview mirror of the car (only when you are not the driver, please) or capture the image of some historic building reflected in a puddle of water.
The Horizon Law
Useful when photographing landscapes. When composing a photo, before shooting, imagine two parallel horizontal lines dividing the photo into 3 equal parts. This is applicable in both horizontal and vertical modes.
If you want to have special interest is the sky, locate the horizon on the bottom line. If on the other hand you want to give greater importance to the terrestrial landscape, place the horizon in the second line, the upper one.
The Rule of Thirds
This rule is very simple but has tremendous power in the way we visualize the photo. It consists of dividing the image, mentally, into 9 equal parts (by means of 2 parallel horizontal lines and other 2 vertical lines) and then placing the subject at some point of intersection of the lines. This photo illustrates perfectly:
As you can see, the photographer has placed the cheetah at the intersection point at the bottom left of the frame. Any other point of intersection would have been equally valid.
These are points that especially attract attention and give the subject greater interest and out of chaos.
Adopt the height of your little old subjects
To achieve great pictures of children, squatting or kneeling, try to lower and place the camera. At the same height as the child or animal you want to photograph, thus produce more realism.
Never give up
Taking photos is very difficult because you have to consider many variables, but it is not impossible. If you persist and learn from your mistakes, you will improve a lot. Review the results and discover the problems in composition and stories. You never know where your hobby can take you. Always try to analyze the photos of renowned photographers.
I hope you enjoyed the basic rules of photography article today. If so, please do not hesitate to recommend it on Facebook, Twitter and Google+.