Eye care is an important part of our health, especially in people with diabetes. The best advice we can offer is prevention through periodic review with your ophthalmologist.
Tips to take care of your eyes:
Perform a complete eye exam with dilated pupils at least once a year.
That is why it is of paramount importance to assess the fundus of the eye under pupil dilation at least once a year for the first 6-7 years of Diabetes and then the review should be done 2-3 times per year.
Controls blood sugar levels.
High blood sugar, known as hyperglycemia, occurs when the body does not have enough insulin or when the body does not use it properly. Frequently measuring your blood sugar is one of the preventive measures you can take to keep your diabetes under control.
Check your blood pressure and have a medical examination done at least twice a year.
There is a direct and close interrelation between diabetes and hypertension: the presence of diabetes causes an increase in blood pressure. That is why it is so important in diabetics to get a good control of blood pressure and glycemia as good control of both factors greatly reduces the risk of complications.
Keep in touch with your ophthalmologist.
The good communication between your doctor and you is fundamental. When in consultation, ask the necessary questions until you are clear enough the information that you share. It is also important to inform you of any symptoms, discomfort or changes that present your sight at short notice.
Maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Eat in a balanced way, diet is a vital component of the diabetes control program. It decreases the intake of sugars, removes alcohol, reduces foods rich in salt and consumes many fresh foods, especially fruits and vegetables.
Staying active is key.
Exercise improves glucose metabolism at various levels, so in people with diabetes exercise is very important. Aerobic type exercise is recommended such as walking, running, swimming or dancing half an hour a day, 5 times a week.
Diabetes is a disease that, if not treated properly, can present severe complications in the future. The eyes are one of the first affected organs, because they are filled with small blood vessels. The alteration of them brings with it many ailments, among them Diabetic Retinopathy. Early medical care can help detect problems before it is too late. Do not miss seeing what you want most.