Adopting a series of healthy habits and taking certain preventive measures is essential to preserve visual health. We explain to you what these ten standards are that all, adults and children, we should follow to take care of our eyes and our vision.
ANNUAL OPHTHALMOLOGICAL REVIEW
In order to detect as soon as possible any eye problems and ametropia (myopia, astigmatism and hypermetropia), it is advisable to perform an ophthalmological examination every year. Macular degeneration and glaucoma, among other pathologies, have a better prognosis if they are detected and treated early. Uncorrected refractive errors involve visual effort with difficulty focusing, eye fatigue and headaches.
It is necessary to maintain a good visual function. Vitamins A, C and E, minerals such as zinc and selenium, pigments like lutein and zeaxanthin and Omega 3 acids, are essential for the retina and delay the aging of eye structures. These substances are found in vegetables, fruits, blue fish, seafood and nuts.
VITAMINS AND MINERAL SUPPLEMENTS
It should complement the diet in cases of patients or elderly people who do not have adequate food and in patients who present ophthalmological pathologies that require a greater intake of them.
PRESERVING THE EYE SURFACE
The ocular surface is kept transparent thanks to the lubrication of the tear film. When we blink, we cover the eye with the film. When we set the view on the computer, the TV or a book, we reduce the frequency and amplitude of the blink. This causes ocular dryness with onset of discomfort such as redness, pain and reflex tearing. To avoid them, it is advisable to use artificial tears both in these occasions and in adverse environmental situations (heating, air conditioning, smoke, etc.)
PROTECTING THE SUN'S EYES
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation produces acute and chronic alterations in all structures of the eye. It is imperative to shield them, even on cloudy days, after approved sunglasses with guaranteed protection (UV filter). We must reject those that do not meet these characteristics.
NEVER EYE FLEECE
In the event of eye contamination by a foreign body or chemical substance, it is advisable to wash immediately with plenty of clean water before going to the ophthalmologist. They should never rub their eyes.
Practice the sport with the proper glasses. This will not only protect the eyeballs from solar radiation but also from possible trauma and damage caused by environmental factors such as wind, dust and sand.
WORKING WITH GOOD LIGHTING
Adequate lighting is imperative to reduce visual fatigue. To read we must place the light source behind us and focused on the book. When working with the computer or watching TV, you should avoid reflections of light on the screen.
RELAXING EYE STRUCTURES
Ocular structures are responsible for accommodation (focus) and relaxing them periodically also reduces the visual stress of a long-held task. To do this we recommend to remove the view of the object focused (screen, book), every 15-20 minutes, for about 10-15 seconds.
Educating children and making society aware of the necessary measures to care for the eyes, those organs that allow us to discover and enjoy the wonders that surround us, is to ensure good visual health for the future and prevent numerous diseases Ophthalmologists who could follow these commandments.